High Body Mass Index a Risk Factor of Preeclampsia: A Hospital Based Case-Control Study

Authors

  • Zoofishan Qureshi Department of Community Medicine, CMH Lahore Medical College, Lahore.
  • Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry Head, Department of Community Medicine, CMH Lahore Medical College, Lahore.
  • Nayyer Uzair Department of Community Medicine, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore.
  • Tariq Mukhtar Farani Department of Surgery, CMH, Lahore.
  • Uzair Mumtaz Department of Physiology, Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore.
  • Muhammad Umer Farooq Demonstrator Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, Lahore.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47489/PSZMC784-35-2-23-27

Keywords:

Preeclampsia, antenatal, body mass index, BMI

Abstract

Introduction: Preeclampsia is a disease which is associated with pregnancy and enhances perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. The relationship of obesity and preeclampsia is still under research among different populations.

Aims & Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the strength of association of body mass index with preeclampsia in pregnant women.

Place and duration of study: Gynecology/Obstetric Departments of Services Hospital, Lahore General Hospital and Sir Ganga Ram Hospital Lahore from 1st January 2019 to 30th June 2019.

Material & Methods: It was a matched case-control study. Sixty six diagnosed pre-eclamptic antenatal women were selected as cases and they were matched with equal number of normotensive antenatal women. The definition, source and eligibility criteria of cases and controls were pre-determined. Odds ratio was calculated to measure strength of association between preeclampsia and body mass index (BMI).

Results: Among 66 preeclamptic women, the mean age was 26.76+5.82 years and among 66 normotensives mean age was 25.36+4.69 years. Among cases, 49.7% had BMI >25 and 30.3% had BMI <25. Likewise among controls, 40.9% had BMI >25 and 59.1% had BMI <25. Odds Ratio was 3.32. The result was found statistically significant (P=0.001).

Conclusion: Study concluded that high body mass index is a risk factor of preeclampsia among pregnant women.

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Published

2021-04-21

How to Cite

1.
Zoofishan Qureshi, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry, Nayyer Uzair, Tariq Mukhtar Farani, Uzair Mumtaz, Muhammad Umer Farooq. High Body Mass Index a Risk Factor of Preeclampsia: A Hospital Based Case-Control Study. Proceedings S.Z.M.C [Internet]. 2021Apr.21 [cited 2021Jun.23];35(2):23-7. Available from: http://proceedings-szmc.org.pk/index.php/szmc/article/view/100