Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Breast Cancer Screening in Medical and Non-Medical Females Students of Lahore, Pakistan

Authors

  • Jawaria Ghazanfar Department of Pediatric Surgery, Shaikh Zayed Medical Complex, Lahore.
  • Ayesha Khalil Department of Radiology, Shaikh Zayed Medical Complex, Lahore.
  • Aniqua Tahir Incharge Women Medical Officer, BHU Awan, Chak-39.
  • Muhammad Imran Anwar Head, Department of Surgery (unit-II), Shaikh Zayed Medical Complex, Lahore.
  • Hina Mahmood Dept. of Public Health & Community Medicine, Shaikh Zayed Medical Complex, Lahore.
  • Ayesha Humayun HOD, Public Health and Community Medicine, Shaikh Zayed Medical Complex, Lahore.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47489/PSZMC784-35-2-41-46

Keywords:

Breast cancer, Breast self-examination, clinical breast examination, mammography, screening

Abstract

Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women all over the world and a leading cause of death in women of Pakistan. Programs promoting awareness about breast cancer, breast self-examination (BSE), clinical breast examination (CBE) and mammography are in place but still BSE is poorly practiced by females of Pakistan.

Aims & Objectives: To assess and compare the knowledge, attitude and practice about breast cancer screening among female medical and non-medical students of two institutes in Lahore, Pakistan.

Place and duration of study: Study conducted during May-June 2017 in Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan Medical College and Kinnaird College University in Lahore, Pakistan.

Material & Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted during May-June 2017 on a conveniently selected sample of 200 female students from two colleges in Lahore. A self-constructed and self-administered questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of breast cancer screening. Data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 21.

Results: Mean age of 21.66+1.50 and 22.58+ 2.138 was observed in medical and non-medical students respectively. In the age group 18-23 we had 85% of medical girls and 61% of non-medical while 39% of non-medical girls were in age group 24-29. Among 100 female medical students, 84% were knowledgeable about BSE as compared to 65% non-medical students. Knowledge was adequate for CBE in 74% and 53%, and for Mammography in 83% and 58% of medical and non-medical students respectively. The attitude was positive towards BSE in 92% and 75%, for CBE 89% and 74%, and for mammography 94% and 83% among medical and non-medical students respectively. The BSE practice was reported by 20% medical girls and only 13% non-medical girls, while CBE practice was in 13% medical and 5% non-medical girls.

Conclusion: Medical students were more knowledgeable and had a better attitude about breast cancer screening as compared to non-medical girls but when it came to practice, it was found to be very low in both groups.

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Published

2021-04-21

How to Cite

1.
Jawaria Ghazanfar, Ayesha Khalil, Aniqua Tahir, Muhammad Imran Anwar, Hina Mahmood, Ayesha Humayun. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Breast Cancer Screening in Medical and Non-Medical Females Students of Lahore, Pakistan. Proceedings S.Z.M.C [Internet]. 2021Apr.21 [cited 2021Jun.23];35(2):41-6. Available from: http://proceedings-szmc.org.pk/index.php/szmc/article/view/103