Food Insecurity and its Effect on Mental Health: A Systematic Review

Authors

  • Hamna Zahid University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • Sana Noreen University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • Bahisht Rizwan University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • Shahid Bashir University Institute of Food Sciences and Technology, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • Shahwar Javaid University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • Mujeeb Ur Rehman University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • Dua Waqar University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • Ayza Hashmi University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • Mahnoor Khalid University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • Kinza Kashif University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore
  • Osama Rasheed University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47489/PSZMC-815354-18-24

Keywords:

Food Insecurity, Mental Health, Malnutrition, Low Income, Depression, and Anxiety

Abstract

Introduction: Food security is a rising concern worldwide. It is estimated that more than one billion people lack adequate supply of dietary energy and that at least half that amount suffers from micronutrient deficiencies. It is influenced by several factors: income, employment, race/ethnicity and disability, which adversely affect health. Food security has been considered as a risk factor for depression, stress and anxiety.

Aims & Objectives: The research aimed to find the effect of food insecurity on mental health using systematic analysis. 

Place and duration of study: Data was gathered using Google Scholar, Medline, Embase, Science Direct and books from studies conducted between 2015 and 2020.

Material & Methods: Systematic analysis was conducted with references to the literature.

Results: This review showed a strong link of food insecurity with mental health status like depression, anxiety, and stress.

Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the tests of depression and mental health in both secured and foodinsecure food areas should be mandatory at the primary health level. It is suggested that food insecurity interventions on national and regional levels may help reduce the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress and improve the overall mental health status of the community.

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Published

2021-11-08

How to Cite

1.
Hamna Zahid, Sana Noreen, Bahisht Rizwan, Shahid Bashir, Shahwar Javaid, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Dua Waqar, Ayza Hashmi, Mahnoor Khalid, Kinza Kashif, Osama Rasheed. Food Insecurity and its Effect on Mental Health: A Systematic Review . Proceedings S.Z.M.C [Internet]. 2021Nov.8 [cited 2023Feb.1];35(4):18-24. Available from: http://proceedings-szmc.org.pk/index.php/szmc/article/view/180