FNAC: A Simple & Cost-Effective Diagnostic Tool for Benign & Malignant Pathologies Associated with Cervical Lymphadenopathy

Authors

  • Sohail Anwar Department of Pulmonology, University of Lahore Teaching Hospital, Lahore
  • Amna Rehman Department of Histopathology, Gulab Devi Hospital, Lahore
  • Asifa Karamat Department of Pulmonology, Gulab Devi Hospital, Lahore
  • Huma Batool Department of Pulmonology, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore
  • Ali Afzal Department of Histopathology, Gulab Devi Hospital, Lahore

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47489/PSZMC-815354-25-29

Keywords:

Fine needle aspiration cytology, Cervical Lymphadenopathy

Abstract

Introduction: Cervical lymphadenopathy is very common as the presenting complaint in our outpatient departments. Its etiology may either be benign or malignant. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a comparatively cheap, easy to perform minimally invasive test. It has become the go to test to determine the cause of lymphadenopathy

Aims & Objectives: To determine whether FNAC is a cost-effective diagnostic tool in evaluation of various benign and malignant Pathologies associated with cervical lymphadenopathy.

Place and duration of study: It is a retrospective study conducted at Gulab Devi Hospital from April 2019 to April 2021.

Material & Methods: The cyto-morphologic features seen in the aspirates were critically analyzed and correlated with their etiology. SPSS version 24.0 was analyzed for data analysis. A p-value of <0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Among the 100 patients 56 were females and 44 were males with a female to male ratio of 1.3:1. The age range of the patients was from 3 to 75 years. 37% were reactive lymphadenitis, 32% were tuberculosis, 12% were suppurative, 11% were lymphoproliferative disorders, 8% cases were metastatic neoplasm.

Conclusion: FNAC is a reliable and cost effective to diagnose the etiologies of cervical lymphadenopathy.

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Published

2021-11-08

How to Cite

1.
Sohail Anwar, Amna Rehman, Asifa Karamat, Huma Batool, Ali Afzal. FNAC: A Simple &amp; Cost-Effective Diagnostic Tool for Benign &amp; Malignant Pathologies Associated with Cervical Lymphadenopathy. Proceedings S.Z.M.C [Internet]. 2021Nov.8 [cited 2023Feb.1];35(4):25-9. Available from: http://proceedings-szmc.org.pk/index.php/szmc/article/view/181